Add Scalar

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Add Scalar


The Add family of nodes allow you to add the colour/scalar/vector coming into the Main Input by the color/scalar/vector coming into Input 2.

The Add scalar node wants the incoming data to be scalars, but it will convert colours and vectors to scalars if necessary.

When the source of the incoming data is colour data, the Add scalar node converts the data to scalar based on the component's luminance values. The math for this is: 0.2125 * r + 0.7152 *g + 0.0724 * b.

When the source of the incoming data is vector data, the Add scalar node converts the data to scalar based on the length of the vector from the zero origin. The math for this is: square_root(x*x + y*y + z*z).

All nodes in this family have just one setting, which lets you assign a shader or function nodes to Input 2.


  • Name: This setting allows you to apply a descriptive name to the node, which can be helpful when using multiple Add Scalar nodes in a project.
  • Enable: When checked, the node is active and the Main Input value is added with the Input 2 value. When unchecked, only the Main Input value is passed through the node.
  • Input 2: The values from the shader or function nodes assigned to this setting are added to the values of the Main Input.

Fun with Add Scalar[edit]

Add scalar combines the Main Input and Input 2 component values, discarding displacement data, and outputting scalar data.

When Input 2 is unassigned, data from the Main Input is passed through as scalar data.

When the Main Input is unassigned, nothing is passed through.

When colour values are used as the source for the Main Input and Input 2, their component’s luminance values are used.

When vector values are used as the source, the scalar values are based on the length of the vector from a zero origin.

Vector and colour values can be used simultaneously as inputs to the Add Scalar node.  Their component values are converted as necessary and output as scalar data.

No matter the type of source data, the output of the Add Scalar node is scalar data.

A scalar is a single number. 1, 200.45, -45, -0.2 are all examples of scalar values.

A vector is a set of three scalars, normally representing X, Y and Z coordinates. It also commonly represents rotation, where the values are pitch, heading and bank.

This is essentially the brightness of the colour. Terragen converts RGB colours to greyscale by taking the luminance of the colour.

A shader is a program or set of instructions used in 3D computer graphics to determine the final surface properties of an object or image. This can include arbitrarily complex descriptions of light absorption and diffusion, texture mapping, reflection and refraction, shadowing, surface displacement and post-processing effects. In Terragen 2 shaders are used to construct and modify almost every element of a scene.

A single object or device in the node network which generates or modifies data and may accept input data or create output data or both, depending on its function. Nodes usually have their own settings which control the data they create or how they modify data passing through them. Nodes are connected together in a network to perform work in a network-based user interface. In Terragen 2 nodes are connected together to describe a scene.